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Medicare Spends More on Socially Isolated Older Adults

Medicare Spends More on Socially Isolated Older Adults

Studies have shown that socially isolated older adults are at greater risk for poor health and death than their well-connected counterparts. Now a new study—the first to examine whether social isolation also affects health care spending among older adults—finds that a lack of social contacts among older…
Social isolation, loneliness, and all-cause mortality in older men and women

Social isolation, loneliness, and all-cause mortality in older men and women

Both social isolation and loneliness are associated with increased mortality, but it is uncertain whether their effects are independent or whether loneliness represents the emotional pathway through which social isolation impairs health. We therefore assessed the extent to which the association between social isolation and mortality is….
How Social Isolation Transforms the Brain

How Social Isolation Transforms the Brain

Chronic social isolation has debilitating effects on mental health in mammals—for example, it is often associated with depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in humans. Now, a team of Caltech researchers has discovered that social isolation causes the build-up of a particular chemical in the brain, and that…
Social isolation, cognitive reserve, and cognition in healthy older people

Social isolation, cognitive reserve, and cognition in healthy older people

There is evidence to suggest that social isolation is associated with poor cognitive health, although findings are contradictory. One reason for inconsistency in reported findings may be a lack of consideration of underlying mechanisms that could influence this relationship. Cognitive reserve is a theoretical concept that may…
Real-Time Associations Between Engaging in Leisure and Daily Health and Well-Being

Real-Time Associations Between Engaging in Leisure and Daily Health and Well-Being

Engagement in leisure has a wide range of beneficial health effects. Yet, this evidence is derived from between-person methods that do not examine the momentary within-person processes theorized to explain leisure’s benefits. This study examined momentary relationships between…
The Experience and Meaning of Physical Activity in Assisted Living Facility Residents

The Experience and Meaning of Physical Activity in Assisted Living Facility Residents

Assisted living (AL) residents engage in very low levels of physical activity (PA) placing them at increased risk for mobility disability and frailty. But many residents in AL may not perceive the need to increase their PA. This study explored the experience, meaning and perceptions of PA…
American Geriatrics Society and National Institute on Aging Bench‐to‐Bedside Conference: Sensory Impairment and Cognitive Decline in Older Adults

American Geriatrics Society and National Institute on Aging Bench‐to‐Bedside Conference: Sensory Impairment and Cognitive Decline in Older Adults

The risk of impairment in hearing, vision, and other senses increases with age, and almost 15% of individuals aged 70 and older have dementia. As the number of older adults increases, sensory and cognitive impairments will…
Loneliness and Social Isolation in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Japan: An International Survey

Loneliness and Social Isolation in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Japan: An International Survey

The Kaiser Family Foundation, in partnership with The Economist, conducted a cross-country survey of adults in United States, the United Kingdom, and Japan to examine people’s views of and experiences with loneliness and social isolation. The survey, the second in partnership with…
Association of Social Engagement with Brain Volumes Assessed by Structural MRI

Association of Social Engagement with Brain Volumes Assessed by Structural MRI

Social engagement, the performance of meaningful social roles for either leisure or productive activity, has been shown to be associated with better cognitive function and lowered rates of cognitive decline and dementia in older adults. Yet many questions remain regarding how social engagement can potentially get “under…
Late Life Social Activity and Cognitive Decline in Old Age

Late Life Social Activity and Cognitive Decline in Old Age

Tracking elderly people without dementia over 12 years, researchers found that staying socially active reduced the rate of cognitive decline by 70%.We examined the association of social activity with cognitive decline in 1138 persons without dementia at baseline with a mean age of 79.6 (SD = 7.5)…